Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Angelonia angustifolia
Benth., Plantaginaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: angelonia, monkey face, narrowleaf angelon, willowleaf angelon

French: sabot de Saint-Joseph

Marshallese: jab meloklok

Pohnpeian: carmeena, karmihna, mwahng

Samoan: foketi, foketi

Habit:  herb

Description: 

Genus:  "Erect, creeping, or climbing herbs, rarely shrubs, pilose or viscid-pubescent, sometimes glabrate; leaves opposite or verticillate (or distal ones alternate), essentially sessile, the blades oblong or lanceolate; inflorescences terminal racemes or flowers solitary or paired in leaf axils; flowers zygomorphic; calyx deeply 5-lobed, without bracteoles at base; corolla subrotate to 2-lipped, the limb widely cupuliform, short-spurred, 5-lobed, the lobes spreading, 4 of them broad and flat, the lower one cupuliform in lower half, the throat broadened into a saclike cup; stamens 4, borne on dorsal side of cupuliform part of corolla limb, the filaments short, thick, curved, the anthers 2-locular; ovary globose or ovoid, the style subulate, the stigma capitate; capsule globose or ellipsoid, loculicidally 2-valved, rarely indehiscent."

Species:  "Perennial herb to to cm high...; the corolla is blue or purplish or sometimes is noted as white.  (Smith, 1991; p. 77).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "cultivated in gardens and locally naturalized from near sea level to about 550 m" (Smith, 1991; p. 77). In New Caledonia, "est cultivé et parfois naturalisé" (MacKee, 1994; p. 128).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Mexico, Central America, and West Indies, cultivated elsewhere...and sometimes naturalizing" (Smith, 1991; p. 77).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Falanruw, M. V. C./Sachet, M.-H. (1975) (p. 40)
Rare. Voucher cited: Falanruw 1640 (US)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Parem (Param) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 24)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 135)
Vouchers cited: E. Albert 24 (NY), E. Albert 57 (NY, PTBG), F.R. Fosberg 26351 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58434 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 58571 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2555 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2563 (BISH), R. Kanehira 775 (BISH), W.A. Niering 567 (BISH), L. Stemmermann 6532 (BISH), B.C. Stone 5444 (BISH), N.S. tangalin 1260 (PTBG)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 46199)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia Benth.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 41973)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2007) (voucher ID: PTBG 50087)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 77)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 25, Lady Cecil 239
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: B.G. Decker 1659 (PAP)
Naturalisée. Very common.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (pp. 61-62)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 64933 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ebon (Epoon) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 103)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. i)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3611
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (pp. 194-195)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 58723 (US). Also Angelonia biflora Benth. Voucher cited: Thaman & Manner 256 (SUVA).
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 77)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 128)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 9999, Blanchon 296 (NOU), MacKee 29596, Hoff 2110 (NOU)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 77)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 58)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BNM 740)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia Benth.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 739)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia Benth.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2007) (voucher ID: PTBG 47016)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia Benth.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1946) (voucher ID: PTBG 22498)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 247)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1966) (voucher ID: BNM 737)
Taxon name on voucher: Angelonia angustifolia Benth.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Western Samoa Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 77)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 77)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 20 MAR 2005 and was last updated on 10 OCT 2006.