Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anemone decapetala
Ard., Ranunculaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  yes

Common name(s): [more details]

English: little three-leaved anemone

Spanish: centella

Habit:  herb

Description:  "La Centella es una planta herbácea, perenne que alcanza una altura de unos 30 cm, y la planta se puede presentar con una extensión de unos 15 cm de diámetro. En la base presenta varias hojas con pecíolos con estrías, con tres lóbulos con forma de cuña. Sus flores se desarrollan durante la primavera, presentándose en los extremos de los tallos, y sus pétalos son de color blanco y pueden ser también de tonos violáceos a morados. El tamaño de sus flores es de 2 a 3 cm, y pueden presentar alrededor de 10 pétalos. Esta característica está plasmada en el nombre científico decapetala (diez pétalos). Sus frutos son aquenios, que presentan pelos lanosos que apoyan su dispersión"  ["Centella is a herbaceous perennial that reaches a height of about 30 cm and an area about 15 cm in diameter. It flowers during the spring, the flowers appearing at the ends of the stems. The petals are white and can also be purple or purple toned. The size of the flowers is 2 to 3 cm, with about 10 petals. This feature is embodied in the scientific name decapetala (ten petals). The fruits are achenes with woolly hairs that facilitate their dispersal"] (Chilebosque).

Habitat/ecology:  "In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:  Low altitude, interior valleys; coastal mountains, 500-2000 m; coastal areas, 0-500 m. Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3-5 months, precipitations of 400-800 mm. are concentrated in winter; humid areas, with almost constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month). Fully exposed to the sun, level areas or slopes facing north; some shadow, some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20-40% of light"  (Chileflora).  "Su hábitat son terrenos abiertos, con poca cobertura arbórea y situaciones de praderas [The native habitat is open areas with little tree cover and grassland situations]"  (Chilebosque).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southern South America (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 551)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 8 FEB 2011 and was last updated on 6 APR 2011.