Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Amaryllis belladonna
L., Liliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: belladonna lily, Easter-lily, Jersey-lily

Spanish: belladona

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Stout perennial. Bulb large, 6-12 cm in diameter, ovoid or globose. Leaves 6-10, distichous, produced after flowers, 20-40 x 2-3 cm, lorate, channelled. Scape 40-70 cm high, reddish, subcompressed, solid. Spathe-valves 2, persistent. Umbels 2-10-flowered; pedicels 3-6 cm long at flowering. Flowers large, c. 10 cm long, c. 7 cm in diameter, fragrant, white to deep pink, paler in throat, funnel-shaped, flowering from a short tube c. 1 cm long; segments recurved, acute. Stamens slightly < perianth, alternately long and short. Stigma capitate. Capsule globose, bursting irregularly. Seeds many, fleshy, green"  (Healy & Edgar, 1980; 70).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "Garden outcast on roadsides and waste land"  (Healy & Edgar, 1980; 70).

Propagation:  Wind-dispersed seed.

Native range:  South Africa (Western Cape); widely cultivated (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Cuevas, Jaime G./Marticorena, Alicia/Cavieres, Lohengrin A. (2004) (p. 534)
Voucher cited: JF 17
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 551)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 524410)
Taxon name on voucher: Amaryllis belladonna L.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
invasive
cultivated
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
"Frequently cultivated, often persists around settlements and homesteads; possibly not fully naturalized".
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Cuevas, Jaime G./Marticorena, Alicia/Cavieres, Lohengrin A. (2004) (p. 534)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Healy, A. J./Edgar, E. (1980) (p. 70)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Louisiana


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 15 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 21 FEB 2013.