Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Alysicarpus bupleurifolius
(L.) DC., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Hedysarum bupleurifolium L.; Hedysarum gramineum Retz.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chai hu lian jia dou

English: sweet alys

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Stem 30-60 cm long, erect, with a line of hairs. Stipules 6-9 mm long, scarious. Leaf unifoliolate, petiole 1.5-2.5 mm long, petiolules small, stipels minute, caducous, leaflet 8 mm-6.8 cm long, 3-8 mm broad, glabrous or minutely hairy along the midrib on the under surface. Inflorescence a lax raceme, flowers in distant pairs. Bracts 6-8 mm long, scarious. Pedicel c. 2 mm long. Calyx 6-7 mm long, teeth less than half the length of calyx, acute, sparsely hairy. Corolla red. Pods 9-13 mm long, stalked, slightly moniliform, joints 4-8, glabrous, smooth"  (Flora of Pakistan).

Description from the Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "Wastelands, grasslands, field margins, sunny places in valleys; 100-1000 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China and southeast Asia to Papua New Guinea and the Philippines (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 102)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 4)
Voucher: Lorence 9813 (PTBG, BNM)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 106)
Taxon name on voucher: Alysicarpus bupleurifolius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 24384)
Taxon name on voucher: Alysicarpus bupleurifolius (L.) DC.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1996) (voucher ID: PTBG 45069)
Taxon name on voucher: Alysicarpus bupleurifolius
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 102)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 292)
In open grasslands, fallow rice paddies, etc., in the settled areas at low altitudes, locally abundant.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Guangdong, SW Guangxi, S Yunnan
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 138)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island possibly introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
ILDIS Co-ordinating Centre (2013)


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This page was created on 9 NOV 2008 and was last updated on 20 FEB 2013.