Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

Aloe vera
(L.) Burm.f., Xanthorrhoeaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Aloe barbadensis Mill.; Aloe vulgaris Lam.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: lu hui

English: aloe vera, Barbados aloe, Curaçao aloe, true aloe, West Indian aloe

French: aloès vulgaire

Maori (Cook Islands): ‘āroe, ‘āroe, ‘āroe, ‘āroe, ‘āroevera, ‘arovera

Samoan: aloe, aloe

Spanish: acibar, aloe, sávila

Tahitian: rapahoe

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Plants short-stemmed or stemless, producing basal offshoots, glabrous, leaves succulent, in dense rosette, narrowly dagger-shaped, light green, often spotted with white, filled with clear gelatinous matrix, 15-60 x 3-8 cm, base sheathing, tapering to long acute apex, cartilaginous margin bearing stout teeth 1-1.5 cm apart; inflorescences usually unbranched, axillary racemes to 1 m long, floriferous in distal half; flowers solitary, subtended by a scarious bract 4-5 mm long, pedicel 3-4 mm long, corolla tubular, light orange or yellow, tepals 6, linear-elliptic, 25-28 x 4-5 mm, connate in basal 1/3, stamens and style included, ca. 25 mm long; fruit capsular, 15-17 x 7-8 mm, trigonous, splitting into 3 segments"  (Lorence, Flynn & Wagner, 1995; p. 21).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Caledonia, "EspŠce commune dans les jardins, parfois comme plante ornementale mais surtout en sa qualit‚ de "plante a br–lures"; la sŠve cale en effet rapidement la douleur et permet une gu‚rison sans cicatrice" (MacKee, 1994; p. 92).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Canary Islands; widely cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
cultivated
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 473, 519, 551)
"Es una planta vigorosa que se encuentra en unos pocos jardines del pueblo de San Jan Bautista en RC".
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Baltra Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 7)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy W./Wagner, Warren L. (1995) (p. 21)
"On dry cliffs in secondary shrubland". Vouchers cited: D. Lorence & T. Flynn 7430 (PTBG), M. Chapin et al. 3 (PTBG)
Setting fruit and also spreading from basal offshoots.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2011) (p. 5)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H30922 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Oppenheimer, Hank L. (2003) (pp. 4-5)
West Maui. Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H10129 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wysong, Michael/Hughes, Guy/Wood, K. R. (2007) (p. 1)
Voucher cited: Wysong 765 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1999) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: G. Staples & B. Pope 1154 (BISH)
"Spreading vegetatively and also setting limited amounts of fruit".
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 103)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 19)
Potted plants.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 92)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 12821, Nothis 279 (NOU)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (p. 204)
Cultivated for ornamental and medicinal purposes.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated for medicinal uses, and perhaps naturalized in the hot, dry Yuan Jiang valley in S Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 365)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 12)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 103)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Texas
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

  [   PIER species lists  ]   [   PIER home  ]

This page was created on 8 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 20 FEB 2013.