Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Agrostemma githago
L., Caryophyllaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 9 (Go to the risk assessment).

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mai xian weng

English: cockle, corn campion, corn cockle, corn pink, purple cockle

French: nielle

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Plants 60-90 cm tall, with long appressed grayish hairs. Stems unbranched, often with axillary dichasia above. Leaves linear or linear-lanceolate, 4-13 cm x (2-) 5-10 mm, midvein prominent, base slightly connate, apex acute. Pedicel very long. Calyx tube 1.2-1.5 cm, abaxially villous; teeth 2-3 cm. Petal limbs pink, 1.4-1.8 cm, shorter than calyx teeth; claw white, narrowly cuneate; limb dark red, obovate, emarginate. Stamens and styles exserted. Capsule ovoid, 1.2-1.8 cm, slightly longer than calyx. Seeds black, ovoid or reniform, 2.5-3 mm, with prominent acute tubercles"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  "Weed of fields, wheat farmlands, roadside grasslands"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe, northern Africa, western Asia; also cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 181)
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Oregon) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (Washington) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Canada (except British Colombia)
Canada
Canada (country) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  "The stem, leaves, and seeds are poisonous"  (Flora of China online).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 8 MAR 2010 and was last updated on 19 FEB 2013.