Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Actinidia polygama
(Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim., Actinidiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ge zao mi hou tao

English: cat-powder, silvervine

Japanese: mata-tabi

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Climbing shrubs, large, deciduous. Branchlets glabrous, lenticels inconspicuous; pith white, large, solid. Petiole purplish red, 1.5-3.5 cm, glabrous; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially green to entirely white, sometimes only upper half white or yellowish, ovate to oblong-ovate, 7-14 x 4.5-8 cm, membranous to thinly papery, abaxially glabrous or sparsely curly-tomentose to strigillose on midvein and lateral veins, adaxially sparsely strigillose, veins conspicuous abaxially, subconspicuous adaxially, lateral veins 6 or 7 pairs, arcuate-ascending, veinlets reticulate, abaxially subconspicuous with parallel cross-bars, inconspicuous adaxially, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin serrulate, apex acuminate to abruptly acuminate. Inflorescences 1-flowered, or 2- or 3-flowered in a fascicle; pedicels 6-8 mm, slightly puberulent. Flowers white. Sepals (4 or)5, ovate to oblong-ovate, 5-7 mm, both surfaces glabrous or sparsely puberulent. Petals 5, obovate to oblong-obovate, 0.8-1.3 cm. Filaments 5-6 mm; anthers yellow, ovoid, 1-1.5 mm, sagittate at base. Ovary bottle-shaped, 4-6 mm, glabrous; styles 3-4 mm. Fruit orange when mature, ovoid to cylindric-ovoid to oblong-ovoid, 2.5-3 cm, glabrous, lenticels absent, rostrate at apex. Seeds 1.5-2 mm"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native), "mountain forests, also widely cultivated; 500-1900 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Far eastern Asia (Russia, China, Korea, Japan)  (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
cultivated
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 20)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) native
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
North Korea
North Korea
North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Korea
South Korea
South Korea (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
New York


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This page was created on 3 SEP 2012 and was last updated on 19 SEP 2012.