Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Acnistus arborescens
(L.) Schldl., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Atropa arborescens L.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: hollowheart

Spanish: palo de gallina

Habit:  shrub/tree

Description:  "A shrub or a small tree with corky-like bark, commonly 3-6 m. tall; leaves elliptic to oblong, mostly 5-15 cm. long, 3-5.5 cm. wide, acute or obtuse, attenuate at the base, glabrous or nearly so above, densely tomentose-floccose with branched or simple multicellular hairs below, sometimes glabrate; petioles 1-1.5 cm. long; flowers numerous, in axillary fascicles; pedicels 1.5-2.5 cm. long; calyx chartaceous, light brown, 2.5-4 mm. long, glabrous, the lobes short and rounded, about 1 mm. long, sometimes truncate; corolla white, 8-11 mm. long, glabrous within, glabrous or puberulent externally, the tube 4.5-6.5 mm. long, the lobes 3-5 mm. long, spreading and acute; stamens exserted; filaments 4-5.5 mm. long; anthers 2-2.5 mm. long, apiculate; style 9-11 mm. long; berry orange or yellow, 5-6 mm. in diameter, globose, pulpy; seeds reticulate-foveate"  (Gentry and Standley, 1974; 24(10/1-2) p. 4).

Habitat/ecology:  In Guatemala (native), "damp or wet thickets, 1,360 m"  (Gentry and Standley, 1974; 24(10/1-2) p. 4).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico, Central and South America (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 2936)
Taxon name on voucher: Acnistus arborescens
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 500217)
Taxon name on voucher: Acnistus arborescens
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
cultivated
Randall, R. P. (2007) (p. 19)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
Gentry, Johnnie L., Jr./Standley, Paul C. (1974)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 3 SEP 2012 and was last updated on 28 SEP 2012.