Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Acalypha alopecuroidea
Jacq., Euphorbiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: foxtail copperleaf

Spanish: cadillo de mazorca, gusanillo, mazorquilla, rabo de gato

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Erect herb branched from near the base, 15-60 cm high; leaves ovate, acuminate, shortly cordate at base, serrate, thinly hispid with short and long hairs, 3.5-8 cm long, up to 4.5 cm broad; petiole 1-4 (-7) cm long, male spikes axillary, 3-9 mm long; female spikes terminal or axillary, 5-20 mm long, with a bristlelike appendage tipped by an aborted flower; capsule 1.3-1.4 mm long; seeds ellipsoidal, reddish-brown, about 1 mm long"  (Adams, 1972; p. 423).

Pubescent herb with alternate leaves, catkin-like male inflorescences, and reddish ellipsoid, soft-bristly female inflorescences" (Whistler, 1988; p. 17).

Habitat/ecology:  "Rare in disturbed places in Samoa" (Whistler, 1988; p. 17).  In Jamaica, "rather common as a weed of damp shady roadside ditches, cultivation and waste places on limestone"  (Adams, 1972; p. 423).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Mexico to Venezuela, West Indies (Adams, 1972; p. 423).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 17)
Voucher cited: Whistler 5139
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 31 AUG 2002 and was last updated on 14 MAR 2008.