Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Abutilon hirtum
(Lamarck) Sweet, Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 5 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Abutilon graveolens (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Wight & Arn.; Sida graveolens Roxb. ex Hornem.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: e wei qing ma

English: Florida Keys indian mallow

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Subshrublike herbs, ca. 80 cm tall. Branchlets, leaves, petioles, and pedicels densely hairy, with long hirsute and short gland-tipped hairs, or densely tomentose. Stipules filiform, ca. 5 mm, reflexed; petiole 2-9 cm; leaf blade orbicular-cordate, 3-8 x 3.5-7 cm, both surfaces stellate tomentose, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex cuspidate. Flowers solitary, axillary, large. Pedicel shorter than petiole, apically articulate. Calyx campanulate, lobes 5, ovate, 8-10 mm, densely tomentose. Corolla orange with purple center; petals obovate, ca. 1.5 cm, adaxially glabrous. Filament tube ca. 1 cm, stellate hairy at base. Schizocarp nearly globose, ca. 1 x 1.5 cm, apex truncate; mericarps 20-25, stellate hispid with long hairs. Seeds 3-5, nearly reniform, pilose"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China, "grasslands; 300-1300 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Africa, Middle East through southern and southeast Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J.-C. Thibault 1003 (PAP), J.-C. Thibault 1041 (PAP), J.-C. Thibault 1086 (PAP), J. Florence & M. Teikiteetini 9330 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 9275)
Taxon name on voucher: Abutilon hirtum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hatuta'a (Hatutu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: B.G. Decker 649 (PAP), B.G. Decker 959 (PAP), M.-H. Sachet 1103 (PAP), M.-H. Sachet & B.G. Decker 1886 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J.A. Pancher s.n. (PAP), P.A. Savatier 718 (PAP), B.G. Decker 2025 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 41413)
Taxon name on voucher: Abutilon hirtum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39513)
Taxon name on voucher: Abutilon hirtum
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: B.G. Decker 424 (PAP), B.G. Decker 1391 (PAP), B.G. Decker 1433 (PAP), B.G. Decker 1582 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27985)
Taxon name on voucher: Abutilon hirtum (Willd.) Sweet
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: B.G. Decker 2241 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 96)
Vouchers cited: Vieillard 195, Pancher s.n., Balansa 613, MacKee 12738, MacKee 28604
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands   Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 32)
In thickets and waste places at low altitudes.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of)   Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
While this source classifies this plant as "native", that status is questionable base on other sources.


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This page was created on 8 MAR 2010 and was last updated on 25 OCT 2010.