Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Kiribati


Appendix 5.  Invasive species on North Tarawa

Table 2.   Species present on South Tarawa but not on North Tarawa

Scientific Name

Common Names

Family

Habit

Abutilon indicum albutilon, Indian abutilon, Indian mallow; te kaura, te kaura ni (Kiribati) Malvaceae shrub
Acacia farnesiana Ellington curse, klu, sweet acacia; te kaibakoa, te aketia (Kiribati) Fabaceae shrub
Achyranthes aspera chaff-flower, devil's horsewhip; prickly chaff-flower Amaranthaceae herb
Agave americana American aloe, century plant Agavaceae succulent
Agave sisalana sisal, sisal hemp; te robu, te rob' (Kiribati) Agavaceae succulent
Allamanda cathartica yellow trumpet vine, golden trumpet, allamanda, brownbud allamanda, golden allamanda, golden cup Apocynaceae vine
Amaranthus viridis green amaranth, pigweed, slender amaranth) Amaranthaceae herb
Annona squamosa sugar apple, sweetsop, custard apple, sugar apple Annonaceae tree
Antigonon leptopus Mexican creeper, mountain rose, Confederate vine, chain-of-love, hearts on a chain, love-vine, coral bells, coral vine, queens jewels, kadena de amor, corallita Polygonaceae vine
Asclepias curassavica bastard ipecac, blood flower, bloodflower milkweed, butterfly weed, false ipecac, milkweed Asclepiadaceae herb
Asystasia gangetica Chinese violet, Philippine violet, coromandel Acanthaceae herb
Blechum pyramidatum green shrimp plant Acanthaceae herb
Brassica juncea Chinese mustard, India mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard; te kabiti, te kabiti n Tiaina (Kiribati) Brassicaceae herb
Breynia disticha snowbush, snowbush breynia, sweetpea bush, foliage-flower Euphorbiaceae shrub
Bryophyllum delagoense chandelier plant Crassulaceae succulent
Caladium bicolor caladium, elephant's-ear, fancy-leaf caladium, heart-of-Jesus Araceae herb
Calotropis gigantea calotrope, crown flower, madar; te bumorimori (Kiribati Ascelepiadaceae shrub
Calyptocarpus vialis   Asteraceae herb
Canna indica canna, canna lily, Indian shot; te riti (Kiribati) Cannaceae herb
Casuarina equisetifolia casuarina, ironwood, Australian pine, she-oak, horsetail tree, beefwood; pientri (pinetree), b ukam (bluegum on some atolls), nidil, nid (needle on some atolls), te burukam, te katurina (Kiribati) Casuarinaceae tree
Cenchrus ciliaris buffelgrass, African foxtail grass, anjan grass Poaceae grass
Cestrum nocturnum night-flowering cestrum, night-flowering jasmine, queen (or lady) of the night Solanaceae shrub
Chamaecrista nictitans partridge pea, Japanese tea senna Fabaceae shrub
Chamaesyce hypericifolia red caustic creeper, thyme-leafed spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chloris barbata swollen fingergrass, purpletop chloris (Australia), airport grass (Fiji) Poaceae grass
Cleome viscosa tickweed, spider flower Capparaceae herb
*Clitoria ternatea butterfly pea Fabaceae vine
Conyza bonariensis flax-leaf fleabane, hairy fleabane, hairy horseweed, wavy-leaf fleabane Asteraceae herb
Crotalaria incana fuzzy rattlepod, woolly rattlepod Fabaceae shrub
Crotalaria retusa devil-bean, wedge-leaf crotalaria, wedge-leaf rattlepod Fabaceae herb
Crotalaria spectabilis rattlebox, showy crotalaria, showy rattlebox, showy rattlepod Fabaceae herb
Cyperus involucratus umbrella sedge, umbrella plant, dwarf papyrus grass Cyperaceae sedge
Dactyloctenium aegyptium beach wiregrass, button grass, coast button grass, comb fringe grass, crowfoot grass, duck grass, finger comb grass; te uteute (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Datura metel datura, downy thorn-apple, Hindu datura, Hindu thorn-apple, hoary thorn-apple, horn-of-plenty, jimson-weed, purple thorn-apple; te uri ni tiana (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Desmodium incanum kaimi clover, Spanish clover Fabaceae herb
Desmodium tortuosum Florida beggarweed, Spanish clover, dixie ticktrefoil Fabaceae herb
Desmodium triflorum creeping tick trefoil, three-flower beggarweed, tropical trefoil Fabaceae herb
Eleocharis geniculata te maunei Cyperaceae sedge
Eleutheranthera ruderalis Asteraceae herb
Emilia sonchifolia Cupid's shaving-brush, emilia, Flora's paint brush, purple sow thistle, sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Epipremnum pinnatum cv. Aureum pothos, money plant Araceae vine
Ficus benghalensis banyan, Indian banyan, vada tree Moraceae tree
Gliricidia sepium mother of cacao, quickstick, Mexican lilac Fabaceae tree
Gloriosa superba climbing-lily, creeping-lily, flame-lily, glory-lily, gloriosa lily Liliaceae herb
Gomphrena globosa bachelor's-button, bozu, globe amaranth, pearly everlasting; te motiti, te moteti (Kiribati) Amaranthaceae herb
Heliotropium procumbens var. depressum four-spike heliotrope, slender heliotrope Boraginaceae herb
Ipomoea aquatica aquatic morning glory, swamp cabbage, water spinach, ung-choi, kang kong; te kang kong, te ruku (Kiribati) Convolvulaceae aquatic herb
Jasminum sambac Arabian jasmine; te bitati (Kiribati) Oleaceae vine
Leucaena leucocephala leucaena, wild tamarind, lead tree; ; te kaitetua (Kiribati) Fabaceae tree
Licuala grandis ruffled fan palm Arecaceae tree (palm)
Macroptilium atropurpureum siratro, purple bushbean Fabaceae vine
Malvastrum coromandelianum false mallow, prickly malvastrum Malvaceae herb
Melinis repens Natal redtop, Natal grass, red Natal grass, Holme's grass, blanketgrass Poaceae grass
Momordica charantia balsam-apple, bitter-melon, bitter gourd, balsam pear, squirting cucumber, cerasee, peria Cucurbitaceae vine
Ocimum basilicum te marou, sweet basil Lamiaceae herb
Oldenlandia corymbosa   Rubiaceae herb
Panicum maximum Guinea grass, green panic, buffalograss Poaceae grass
Paspalum fimbriatum fimbriate paspalum, winged paspalum, Panama paspalum, Panama crowngrass, Columbia grass Poaceae grass
Paspalum scrobiculatum rice grass; creeping paspalum, ditch millet, Indian paspalum, kodo millet, water couch Poaceae grass
Paspalum setaceum   Poaceae grass
Passiflora edulis passion fruit, yellow passion fruit, purple passion fruit, qarandila, purple granadilla Passifloraceae vine
Passiflora foetida love-in-a-mist, wild passion fruit, passionflower, stinking passionflower; te biku (Kiribati) Passifloraceae vine
Pennisetum purpureum elephant grass, napier grass, merker grass Poaceae grass
Pilea microphylla artillery plant, gunpowder plant, pistol plant, rockweed Urticaceae herb
Pluchea carolinensis sour bush; te kaikare, te karei (Kiribati) Asteraceae shrub
Polygala paniculata island snake-root Polygalaceae herb
Prosopis spp. mesquite, algaroba Fabaceae tree
Psidium guajava guava; te kuawa, te kuwawa (Kiribati) Myrtaceae tree
Pueraria montana var. lobata kudzu, Japanese arrowroot Fabaceae vine
Ricinus communis castor bean, castor-oil plant Euphorbiaceae shrub
Sansevieria trifasciata bowstring hemp, mother-in-laws tongue Agavaceae herb
Senna occidentalis antbush, coffee senna; te katia (Kiribati) Fabaceae shrub
Sigesbeckia orientalis Indian weed, small yellow crown-beard, yellow crown-head Asteraceae herb
Solanum torvum prickly solanum, devil's fig, turkeyberry Solanaceae shrub
Solenostemon scutellarioides coleus Lamiaceae herb
Sonchus oleraceus annual sow thistle, common sow thistle, hare's-lettuce, milk thistle, sow thistle Asteraceae herb
Sporobolus indicus smutgrass, wiregrass, Indian dropseed Poaceae grass
Stachytarpheta cayennensis blue rat's tail, dark-blue snakeweed, false verbena, nettleleaf velvetberry; te uti (Kiribati) Verbenaceae herb
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis bastard vervain, blue porterweed, Brazilian tea, Jamaica vervain, joee, light blue snakeweed; te uti (Kiribati) Verbenaceae herb
Stenotaphrum secundatum buffalo grass, St. Augustine grass Poaceae grass
Tradescantia zebrina wandering zebrina, wandering jew, inchplant Commelinaceae herb
Urochloa subquadripara brachiaria, green summer grass, tropical signalgrass, cori grass Poaceae grass
Waltheria indica   Sterculiaceae shrub
Ziziphus mauritiana Indian jujube, Chinese date Rhamnaceae tree

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