Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)


Report on invasive plant species in Kiribati


Appendix 5.  Invasive species on North Tarawa

Table 1.   Invasive species present on North Tarawa

Scientific Name

Common Names

Family

Habit

Amaranthus dubius amaranth, spleen amaranth; te uekeueke, te mota (Kiribati) Amaranthaceae herb
Bidens pilosa beggarís tick, Spanish needle, cobbler's pegs Asteraceae herb
Bryophyllum pinnatum life plant, air plant, resurrection plant, Canterbury bells, cathedral bells, Mexican love plant; te ang (Kiribati), te kabekau (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Crassulaceae succulent
*Catharanthus roseus Cape periwinkle, Madagascar periwinkle, old-maid, rose periwinkle, rosy periwinkle) Apocynaceae herb
Cenchrus echinatus burgrass, sand-bur, southern sandbur, Mossman River grass (Australia); ; te anti, te kateketeke, te uteute ae kateketeke (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Chamaesyce hirta asthma plant, garden spurge, pill-bearing spurge, hairy spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce hypericifolia beach spurge, graceful spurge Euphorbiaceae herb
Chamaesyce prostrata creeping splurge, prostrate spurge, red caustic creeper; te tarai (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Cynodon dactylon Bermuda grass, giant Bermuda grass, bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, grama, devilgrass, couchgrass, balama grass Poaceae grass
Cyperus compressus flat sedge Cyperaceae sedge
Cyperus rotundus nut grass, nutsedge, purple nutsedge, cocograss; te mumute (Kiribati) Cyperaceae sedge
*Delonix regia flame tree, flamboyant, poinciana; te kaitetua (Kiribati) Fabaceae tree
Dentella repens te uteute n Imatang (Kiribati (Butaritari)) Rubiaceae herb
Eleusine indica goosegrass, wiregrass, goose foot, crow's foot, bullgrass; te uteute, te uteute na banabana (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
+Eragrostis amabilis Bug's egg grass, Japanese love grass, love grass (Fiji, Guam), female grass (Kiribati); te uteute ní aine, te uteute te aine (Kiribati) Poaceae grass
Euphorbia cyathophora dwarf poinsettia, fire-on-the-mountain, Mexican fire plant, painted spurge, wild poinsettia; te kabekau (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Eustachys petraea   Poaceae grass
Ipomoea violacea moonflower; te ruku (Kiribati, native) Convolvulaceae vine
*Lantana camara te kaibuaka, lantana Verbenaceae shrub
+Ludwigia octovalvis willow primrose, false primrose, yellow willow herb; te mam (Kiribati) Onagraceae herb
Phyllanthus amarus te kaimatu (Kiribati) Euphorbiaceae herb
Physalis angulata annual ground cherry, bladder cherry (Solomon Islands), wild cape gooseberry (Fiji); te baraki, te bin (Kiribati) Solanaceae herb
Portulaca oleracea pigweed, purslane; te boi (Kirbati) Portulacaceae herb
*Pseuderanthemum carruthersii false eranthemum; te iaro (Kiribati) Acanthaceae shrub
Russelia equisetiformis coralplant, fountainplant; te kaibaun (Kiribati) Scrophulariaceae shrub
Sida rhombifolia arrow-leaf sida, Cuban jute, Paddy's lucerne, Queensland-hemp, teaweed Malvaceae shrub
Spermacoce assurgens buttonweed Rubiaceae herb
Spermacoce ernstii   Rubiaceae herb
Sphagneticola trilobata wedelia, trailing daisy, Singapore daisy, creeping ox-eye Asteraceae herb
Synedrella nodiflora Cinderella weed (Australia), porter bush, pig grass (Solomon Islands, Vanuatu), synedrella; Asteraceae herb
*Tecoma stans yellow bells, yellow-elder, yellow trumpetbush; nei Karairai (Kiribati) Bignoniaceae small tree
*Tradescantia spathacea oyster plant, boat plant, boat lily, moses in a boat; te ruru ni (Kiribati) Commelinaceae herb
Tridax procumbens coat buttons, tridax daisy, wild daisy (Fiji, Guam) Asteraceae herb
Turnera ulmifolia yellow alder, sage rose, West Indian holly, ramgoat dashalong: te kakainea (Kiribati) Turneraceae shrub
+Vernonia cinerea ironweed, little ironweed, vernonia Asteraceae herb

*Cultivated
+Native or early introduction


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER!


[Return to Kiribati report] [ Return to PIER homepage ]


This page new 20 September 2004