Information Index for Selected Alien Vertebrates in Hawaii

A product of the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

This is an index of information available about selected alien (non-native) vertebrates (animals with backbones) in Hawaii. (Information indexes for other organism groups are also available.)

NOTE: Use the "Find" feature of your browser to quickly locate a particular family, genus, species, or other information. (Further information about searching the HEAR website is also available online.)

Common name search is also available:

Alectoris chukar (Phasianidae) - chukar

Amandava amandava (Estrildidae) - red avadavat

Amphilophus citrinellum (Cichlidae) - Midas cichlid

Amphilophus labiatum (Cichlidae) - red devil

Ancistrus cf. temmincki (family=??) - birstlenose catfish, bearded catfish

Anolis carolinensis ssp. porcatus (Iguanidae) - anole, "American chameleon"

Anolis sagrei (Iguanidae) - brown anole

Antilocapra americana ssp. americana (Antilocapridae) - pronghorn

Aratinga mitrata - Mitred conure (mitred parakeet)

Archocentrus nigrofasciatus (Cichlidae) - convict cichlid

Astronotus ocellatus (Cichlidae) - oscar

Axis axis [Cervidae: Cervinae] - Axis deer

axis deer (Axis axis)

Boiga irregularis - Brown tree snake

brown tree snake

Bos taurus (Bovidae) - cow

Bubulcus ibis (Ardeidae) - cattle egret

Bufo marinus (family=??) - giant toad, marine toad, cane toad, poloka

Callipepla californica (Phasianidae) - California quail, California partridge, Catalina quail, valley quail

Callipepla gambelii (Phasianidae) - Gambel's quail

Capra hircus (Bovidae) - goat

Carassius auratus (family=??) - goldfish, funa, i'a 'ula'ula


Cettia diphone (Muscicapidae) - thrush

Chamaeleo calyptratus [Chamaeleonidae] - veiled chameleon

Chamaeleo jacksonii [Chamaeleonidae] - Jackson's chameleon

Jackdon's chameleon (Chameleo jacksonii)
Photo by Philip A. Thomas
Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Channa striata (family=??) - chevron snakehead, pongee, i'a pake

Chrysemys scripta elegans (family=??) - red-eared slider

Cichla ocellaris (family=??) - tucunare, peacock bass

Cichlasoma spilurus (formerly aka Cichlasoma cutteri) (family=) - cichlid

Clarias fuscus (family=??) - Chinese catfish, puntat, 'o'opu kui

Collocalia bartschi (Apodidae) - woodpecker

Columba livia (Columbidae) - rock dove, feral rock pigeon

Copsychus malabaricus (Muscicapidae) - white-rumped shama

Corydoras aeneus (family=??) - bronze catfish, cory

Cyprinus carpio (family=??) - carp, koi

Dorosoma petenense (family=??) - threadfin shad

Eleutherodactylus coqui, Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Leptodactylidae) - Caribbean frogs

Caribbean frog (Eleutherodactylus coqui)
Photo by Allen Allison
Hawaii Biological Survey

Equus asinus (Equidae) - donkey

Equus caballus ssp. caballus (Equidae) - horse

Estrilda astrild (Estrildidae) - common waxbill

Estrilda caerulescens (Estrildidae) - lavendar waxbill

Estrilda melpoda (Estrildidae) - orange cheek waxbill

Estrilda troglodytes (Estrildidae) - black-rumped waxbill

Felis silvestris (Felidae) - feral cat

Francolinus francolinus (Phasianidae) - black francolin

Francolinus pondicerianus (Phasianidae) - gray francolin

Gallus gallus (Phasianidae) - chicken

Gambusia affinis (family=?) - mosquitofish

Garrulax caerulescens (Muscicapidae) - (?thrush)

Garrulax canorus (Muscicapidae) - melodious laughing thrush

Garrulax pectoralis (Muscicapidae) - greater necklaced laughing thrush

Hemichromis elongatus (Cichlidae) - banded jewel cichlid, five spot

Herpestes auropunctatus [a.k.a. Herpestes javanicus] (Viverridae) - Indian mongoose

  • For further info:
    • Baldwin, P. H., C.W. Schwartz and E. R. Schwartz, 1952. Life History and Economic Status of the Mongoose in Hawaii. In Journal of Mammalogy, August, 1952. 33(3): 335-356.
    • Hinton, H. E. and A. M. S. Dunn, 1967. Mongooses: Their Natural History and Behaviour. Oliver and Boyd Ltd, London.
    • State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Fish and Game, 1968. The Mongoose.
bird attacked and killed by mongoose
Mongoose damage  
to red-footed booby
(J.H. Berger photo)

Hypostomus cf. watwata (family=??) - suckermouth catfish, armored catfish, plecostomus

Hypsophrys nicaraguensis (Cichlidae) - Nicaragua cichlid

Ictalurus punctatus (family=??) - channel catfish

Leiothrix lutea (Muscicapidae) - red-billed leothrix

Lepomis cyanellus (family=??) - ??

Lepomis macrochirus (family=??) - bluegill

Limia vittata (family=??) - Cuban molly, Cuban topminnow, tabai

Liposarcus multiradiatus (family=??) - long-fin armored catfish

Melanochromis johannii (Cichlidae) - johanni cichlid

Meleagris gallopavo (Phasianidae) - wild turkey

Micropterus dolomieui (family=??) - smallmouth bass

Micropterus salmoides (family=??) - largemouth bass, black bass

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (family=??) - dojo, weather loach, Oriental weatherfish

Monopterus albus (family=??) - rice paddy eel, swamp eel

Mugilogobius cavifrons (family=??) - mangrove goby

Odocoileus hemionus ssp. columbianus (Cervidae) - black-tailed deer

Omobranchus ferox (family=??) - fang-toothed blenny

Oncorhynchus mykiss (family=??) - rainbow trout

Oreochromis spp. (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Oreochromis macrochir (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Oreochromis mossambicus (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Oryctolagus cuniculus ssp. cuniculus (Leporidae) - European rabbit

Ovis aries (Bovidae) - sheep

Ovis musimon (Bovidae) - mouflon

Padda oryzivora (Estrildidae) - Java sparrow, Java finch

Palea steindachneri (family=??) - wattle-necked softshell turtle

Parachromis managuensis (Cichlidae) - jaguar cichlid

Parrots/psittacine birds

Pelodiscus sinensis (family=??) - Chinese softshell turtle

Pelvicachromis pulcher (family=??) - cichlid

Petrogale penicillata (Macropodidae) - brush-tailed rock wallaby

Phasianus colchicus ssp. torquatus (Phasianidae) - ring-necked pheasant

Phasianus colchicus ssp. versicolor (Phasianidae) - ring-necked pheasant

Phelsuma madagascariensis (Geckonidae) (day gecko)

Poecilia latipinna (family=??) - sailfin molly, tabai

Poecilia reticulata (family=?) - guppy, rainbow fish, millions fish

Poecilia sp. hybrid complex (savlatoris/mexicana group) (family=??) - liberty molly, Mexican molly, tabai

Psittacula krameri (Psittacidae) - rose-ringed parakeet

Pterocles exustus (Psittacidae) - chestnut-bellied sandgrouse

Puntius semifasciolatus (family=??) - barb

Puntius filmantosus (family=??) - barb

Pycnonotus cafer (Pycnonotidae) - red-vented bulbul

Pycnonotus jocosus (Pycnonotidae) - red-whiskered bulbul

  • HEAR info:
    • Distribution on main Hawaiian islands
red-whiskered bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)

Rana catesbeiana (family=??) - bullfrog, poloka iana

Rana rugosa (Ranidae) - wrinkled frog

Rattus exulans ssp. hawaiiensis (Muridae) - Polynesian rat

Rattus norvegicus ssp. norvegicus (Muridae) - brown rat

Rattus rattus ssp. rattus (Muridae) - black rat

Reptiles (general)

Ramphotyphlops braminus (Typhlopidae) - blind snake

  • HEAR info:
    • Distribution on main Hawaiian islands
      • Kauai
      • Oahu
      • Molokai
      • Lanai
      • Maui
      • Big Island (Hawaii)

Sarotherodon spp. (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Sarotherodon melanotheron (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Serinus mozambicus (Fringillidae) - yellow-eyed canary

Sicalis flaveola (Emberizidae) - saffron finch

Sturnella neglecta (Emberizidae) - western meadowlark

Sus scrofa (?family) - feral pig

Thorichthys meeki (Cichlidae) - firemouth

Tilapia spp. (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Tilapia melanopleura (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Tilapia zillii (Cichlidae) - tilapia

Trachemys scripta ssp. elegans (Emydidae) - slider (turtle)

Turtles (general)

Uraeginthus bengalus (Estrildidae) - red-cheeked cordon-bleu

Xenentodon cancila (family=??) - stickfish, silver needlefish

Xiphophorus helleri (family=??) - green swordtail

Xiphophorus maculatus (family=??) - moon fish, platy, southern platyfish

Zenaida macroura (Columbidae) - mourning dove

Selected references

Yamamoto, Mike N. & Annette W. Tagawa. 2000. Hawaii's native & exotic freshwater animals. Mutual Publishing ( Honolulu. 200 pp. illustr. (ISBN: 1-56647-342-X). (Unfortunately, there is no way at this time to meaningfully link directly to information about that book title on the publisher's website.)

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This website was prepared and is maintained by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project (HEAR). This page was created prior to 29 September 1998 by PT, and was last updated on 16 December 2005 by PT.