Information Index for Selected Alien Invertebrates in Hawaii
A product of the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) Project
This is an index of information available about selected alien (non-native) invertebrates (animals without backbones) which are in--OR that might/would be invasive or harmful if they reached--Hawaii (species list begins below). (Information indexes for other organism groups are also available.)
HEAR has not yet made a concerted or comprehensive effort to collect information about invasive alien invertebrates in Hawaii. Therefore, the information provided at this site is currently on an "as-contributed" basis. (This is a GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY for you to submit new information to the HEAR project for inclusion at this site!)
NOTE RE: SEARCHING: Use the "Find" feature of your browser to quickly locate a particular family, genus, species, or other information.
Common name search is also available:
The information at this site is the result of an ONGOING EFFORT; data is UPDATED as we receive more/better information. The information presented here is NOT intended to represent "the beall, endall" for any species. Rather, we hope that it will stimulate you to send us new links or corrections/updated information based on your own field observations or other experience!
Pest Ant Information
HEAR's pest ants in Hawaii site (content by Neil Reimer, USDA) contains a pictorial key to the most pestiferous ant species threatening Hawaii's native fauna and flora, information on ant survey and control techniques, a list of ants important to Hawaii land managers, and a list of links to other websites relating to these ants.
- See individual species information elsewhere on this page (search for "ant"), including:
Hawaii Ant Group
The Hawaii Ant Group (HAG) is dedicated to the better understanding of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and their impacts in Hawaii.
HAG "Antlist" internet e-mail list
The Hawaii Ant Group (HAG) (dedicated to the better understanding of ants and their impacts in Hawaii) sponsors an internet mailing list regarding ants in Hawaii.
AntWatch Hawaii is an educational, long-term effort to monitor the Hawaiian Islands for resident alien ant species and provide an early-warning network for newly introduced species. AntWatch relies on participating schools, teachers and students to collect geographic information on these introduced ant species. This information is transmitted to and analyzed by specialists in research management agencies. The AntWatch website "hosts all of the information you will need to learn more about ants in Hawaii, including ways to study and identify them, map their locations, and submit to data to experts with the tools to do something about them."
Non-native ant species distribution and ecology
This is an online non-native ant database "to keep track of where invaders are throughout the world", created by Terrence P. McGlynn.
Anoplophora glabripennis - Asian longhorned beetle
Be on the alert for this significant pest of trees (which was recently intercepted in an incoming shipment to Honolulu). Look for trees damaged by Asian longhorned beetles. Characteristic damage includes entry and exit wounds, sometimes with sap flowing out of the trunks and branches, and sawdust piled up at the bases of trees. This inch-long insect (adult beetle) is black with white spots; it has long antennae that span its body length. For positive identification of insect specimens or damage, please contact your local USDA-APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine office or the State Plant Health Director for your State. If additional information is required, call (301) 734-5255, or contact HEAR via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cipangopaludina chinensis (family=??) - Chinese mystery snail
Corbicula fluminea (family=??) - Asiatic freshwater clam
Linepithema humile [Formicidae] - Argentine ant
Macrobrachium lar (family=??) - Tahitian prawn, giant freshwater shrimp
Neocaridina denticulata sinensis (family=??) - grass shrimp
Physidae (family) - puch snails, tadpole snails
Pila conica (family=??) - apple snail
Planorbidae (family) - ramshorn snails
Polypedilum nubifer - (one of many species of) midges
- HEAR info:
- Polypedilum nubifer is a species of midge not native to Hawaii which does not seem to bite people, but is a nuisance in some areas (notably near Kealia Pond, Maui) due to the densities of its populations.
Pomacea spp. (family=??) - apple snail
Pomaceae bridgesi (family=??) - apple snail
Pomacea canaliculata (family=??) - apple snail
Procambarus clarkii (family=??) - crayfish, Louisiana crawfish
Alien SNAILS in Hawaii
Solenopsis invicta - Fire ant
Sophonia rufofascia [?family?] - two-spotted leafhopper
Specularius impressithorax [Bruchidae]
Note: This species was identified in 2003 from specimens collected in 2002 as being hosted in Hawaii on the native wiliwili tree (Erythrina sandwicensis) (pers. comm. 05AUG2003) (contact HEAR for details)
Thiaridae (family) - thiarid snails
Wasmannia auropunctata - little fire ant
Xylosandrus compactus - black twig borer
Zonitoides arboreus (orchid snail, bush snail)
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Yamamoto, Mike N. & Annette W. Tagawa. 2000. Hawaii's native & exotic freshwater animals. Mutual Publishing (www.mutualpublishing.com). Honolulu. 200 pp. illustr. (ISBN: 1-56647-342-X)
Alien Species In Hawaii
Map and website prepared by the Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk Project (HEAR). This page created long ago, and was last updated on
29 May 2004